Causes of Pulp Chamber Decay and How it is Treated With a Root Canal

The pulp chamber of the tooth is the core layer. It is located in the center of the tooth and extends down into the root, and it contains the pulp. When a person requires a root canal, it is because decay has spread from the other parts of the tooth throughout the pulp chamber and must be removed.

Outside the pulp chamber is the dentin, and on top of the dentin is the enamel. Both are hard and protect the pulp chamber from infection, but holes, chips, or cracks in the tooth may allow bacteria to enter and attack the pulp. Repeated dental procedures and facial trauma may cause these cracks.

The bacteria spreads as it breaks down the pulp, which is made of nerve, blood vessels and connective tissues, and this can decay further to result in an abscess on the tooth’s root. Don’t make the mistake of ignoring this problem because it can have dire consequences. If this is not treated quickly, it can result in the loss of the entire tooth. In any case, it might prove difficult to tune out this issue entirely since extreme pain is a common symptom of an irritated and infected pulp.

Other potential effects of untreated infection in this area include the jawbone breaking down around the root, swelling that can spread to the neck and head, and drainage problems from the root that pour into the gum.

After a root canal, it is important to follow a dentist’s instruction for care and to practice good dental hygiene to prevent further problems. You may be required to take some medication to help along your recovery after the surgery. Remember that poor dental hygiene can only exacerbate the condition. Flossing on a regular basis and brushing with a soft-bristled toothbrush can help prevent infection from spreading throughout the tooth although treatment will eventually be necessary.

Sources:

An Overview of Root Canals

webmd.com

Getting to the root of endodontic (root canal) treatments

ada.org

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